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Lecture-discussion program of the forum “Transcending borders: GaliciaKult” in Kharkiv

Home / THE CULTURAL FORUM “Transcending Borders: GaliciaKult” in Kharkiv / Lecture-discussion program of the forum “Transcending borders: GaliciaKult” in Kharkiv

Iryna Matsevko

Historian, Deputy director of the Centre for Urban History in Lviv, the head of projects of public history.

Over the past decades, Galicia has become extremely fashionable. It has been explored, described in novels; it is an object of nostalgia and interest to the past, brand and label – its name is used to call yogurts, juices, law firms, media and political parties. There is so much of it in different cultural, political and commercial projects that it seems to be eternal and real existence. In fact, Galicia as a particular administrative unit – the Habsburg’s crown land – existed since 1772 to 1918. This short time was enough for the occurrence of at least four myths of Galicia. The Austrian myth about the formation of multi-Galician community land inhabited by Poles, Ukrainians, Jewish and other nations sunk into oblivion together with the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Jewish myth about friendly ground-guardian for all nations of Caesar, among them Jews dispersed with the First World War and found its place in literature. Polish myth of Galicia as Polish Piedmont ceased to be relevant after the establishment of the Polish state and only briefly revived in socialistic Poland.  The most enduring myth about Galicia was Ukrainian. More than a century it fueled faith in primordial Ukrainian nation and strengthened the stereotype of old Galicia as the “most Ukrainian Ukraine”, that caused antagonism between the “westerners” and the “easterners” in Soviet Ukraine and later. This myth got a new force and interpretation in independent Ukraine, which barely could cope with the Soviet heritage and formation of a new Ukrainian identity. In this situation imaginary Galicia remained a bastion of Ukrainian identity, besides, it gained a new value of European identity. It was pulled out the complicated and tragic history of the region and its image was branded as the “little Galician paradise” and “outpost of Western culture”.  This myth was significantly reinforced by the preserved facades of “Western” architecture of the former Galician cities and towns. This constructed Galicia became a cause for pride of many local residents and part of their regional identity. It still attracts and fascinates people from other parts of Ukraine. Hopefully, its attractiveness will gradually weaken, according to how Ukraine will change by building an inclusive society and political nation.

Why this apparent Galicia was so important for the Ukrainians in XIX-th and XX-th centuries, and today is widely used in cultural, political and commercial spaces? What challenges and dangers does myths creation and the desire to hide difficult and tragic history behind a beautiful image of an idealized past bring us? How threatening are such historical myths and which positive features do they have for modern Ukrainian society? During the ten meetings, the invited historians, political scientists, ethnologists, linguists and literary critics will talk about the real and imaginary Galicia; about the invention, design and branding of Galicia; about the tragic history of this region, whose territory in the XIX-th and XX-th centuries had been a home to different ethnic communities, had been a part of four states, survived two world wars, three occupations, ethnic cleansings, deportations, Holocaust and became mono-ethnic and mono-cultural.

05.10

Wednesday

18:00

ART AREA «DK»

Chernyshevska St., 13

Vasyl Rasevych

Lecture «What is Galicia? From myth to brand»

Призабута в радянський час Галичина пережила справжній ренесанс після здобуття незалежності України. «Мода» на галицьке прийшла аж ніяк не з України, а з літературних творів німецькомовних галицьких авторів, сюжети яких після катастрофи Другої світової війни зазвучали по-особливому. В основу конструювання міфу Галичини ліг літературний топос, який починався ностальгійними ремінісценціями, а згодом трансформувався у відверту політичну інструменталізацію. Глорифікація та ідеалізація галицького минулого виявилися необхідною умовою і для укладання нового національного соборницького наративу, і для формування ексклюзивного галицького проекту. Діапазон інструменталізації коливався від «Галичина – найбільш українська Україна» й аж до «галичани – не українці». Публічні прояви «галицькості» та їх інструменталізація стануть темою лекції.

Василь Расевич – історик, есеїст, блогер, шеф-редактор відділу текстів онлайн-видання Zaxid.net, старший науковий співробітник Інституту українознавства ім. Івана Крип’якевича НАНУ, спеціаліст з історії Галичини австрійського періоду та політики пам’яті в сучасній Україні

19:30

ART AREA «DK»

Chernyshevska St., 13

Documentary film «New world / Новий світ», 101′, 2005, Austria

Director – Paul Rozdi

Documentary film – photo journey through old and new worlds of areas that were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Using music, stories, legends and clippings from newspapers of early XX century, the director created a fascinating journey through time that is skillfully built on the contrast of archival materials and the photographs with contemporary shots of the same places.

Comments by Vasyl Rasevych

The showing is supported by the Austrian Cultural Forum

06.10

Thursday

18:00

«Studio 42»

Constitution Sq.,1, entrance 7, floor 1

Yagoda Viezheyska

Lecture «Semi-Asia or Western Culture Hold»: ideological geography of Galicia between East and West

Since the creation of the province of Galicia in the Austrian Empire, it seemed to be a “half-Asia” or “an outpost of the West”. Firstly Galicia was conceived as the earth of steppes, rocks and castles of barbaric nobility. Later it was associated with the “bulwark” of Western culture, the features of the “East” were attributed to imperial Russia. In this lecture it will be spoken about how the imaginary place Galicia varied depending on the tension between “East” and “West” and between the categories of “backwardness” and “development”, as well as about how ideological concepts of the region were changing since the Habsburg civilizing mission of XIX century to the ideas of Galician heritage as a roadmap to Europe today.

Yagoda Viezheyska – historian of literature, Professor at Warsaw University. Her research interests are focused on the conceptualization of the idea of Galicia in the Polish contemporary discourse

The event is supported by the Polish Institute in Kyiv

19:30

«Studio 42»

Constitution Sq.,1, entrance 7, floor 1

Common with literary program

Olena Galeta

Lecture «Imaginary Galicia: Features of Literary Landscape»

Introductory lecture to the literary program.

Imaginary Galicia arises from the reality of the facts and quasi-reality of rojects: from the letters of Austrian officers, who saw Galicia as a real edge of the world, from the works of Polish, Jewish and Ukrainian writers who were born here, from the memoirs of travelers, soldiers and immigrants. Cities and towns, villages and family estates, military garrisons, forgotten cemeteries and railway stations are woven into a complex network of meanings, a quirky cultural product, prompting to answer the question: who goes to Galicia – where does he eventually come? Finally, what is imaginary Galicia Ttoday: a new world generated by the old texts or the new text generated by the old worlds?

Olena Galeta – literature and culture expert, Professor of the Ivan Franko Lviv National University and the Ukrainian Catholic University. She taught and hauled studies at the universities of Poland, Croatia, Austria, Germany, Canada, USA and Australia. The author of the monograph “From anthology to ontology: anthology as a way of representing of Ukrainian Literature of late XIX – early XXI cent.” (2015), the head of the research and publishing project “History of Literature: can the history of Galician literature be possible?” (2010)

07.10

Friday

16:00

ART AREA «DK»

Chernyshevska St., 13

Public interview with Suzanne Scholl

Susanne Scholl (born in 1949 in Vienna) got education with a degree in Slavic studies in Rome and Moscow. For many years she worked as an ORF correspondent in Bonn since 1989, and since 1991 – in Moscow. Since 1997 to 2000 she led the program “Europajournal” on the Radio ORF in Vienna, then returned to Moscow, where he was the head of the editorial office of the radio ORF. She also is the author of numerous novels: “Russian Diary”, “Moscow kitchen talks”, “Journey to Karaganda”, “Daughters of the war – to survive in Chechnya”, “Russia with and without soul”. Susanne Scholl established podium discussions in Germany about Ukraine.

The event is supported by the Austrian Cultural Forum

09.10

Sunday

16:00

“Studio 42”

Konstytutsii Sq 1, entrance 7, floor 1

The discussion “New Contexts old ideas about nationalism in Ukraine and Europe”

With the participation of: Olexandr Zaitsev, Mykhailo Minakov, Vasyl Rasevych, Sergiy Naumov.

Moderator – Volodymyr Sklokin

Now Europe is going through a revival of nationalisms. Many European Union countries are seeking to regain the sovereignty which they conceded for the collective idea of common Europe. The countries of former socialist bloc and the USSR are increasingly turning to radical right-wing ideas in search of their identity and political place in Europe today. Over the past 25 years nationalism to Ukrainian society was both a way to get rid of Russian influence and a strong desire to be a part of the European Union.

What are the origins of the ideas of nationalism in Ukraine? What is the role played by nationalism in Ukrainian history? What are the reasons for the revival of nationalism? What is nationalism today in Ukraine and in Europe? Does the threat of a return of classical model of national state of the early XX-th century exist? These and other questions will try to answer the panelists: historians and philosophers from Lviv, Kharkiv and Kyiv.

10.10

Monday

18:00

ART AREA ‘DK’

Chernyshevska St., 13

Iryna Starovoit

Lecture “Memory, Blindness and Insight: Galicia and its Masks the XX-th cent.”

Galicia of the first half of the twentieth century is one of the most dangerous, multilinqual, turbulent corners of the world. Between 1914 and 1944 the authorities had changed for 7 or more times, and terror and violence with varying degrees of intensity threatened, destroyed and moved people. Holocaust, ethnic cleansings, deportation depopulated Galicia and other people started a new countdown of living in old houses. The memory of this partially disappeared along with their carriers, and partly came under strict censorship. However, with the collapse of the USSR, with the change of generations and experience the previous “installation matrixes of memory” were broken. In the case of private, family or generational memory, it is still possible to heal through efforts of memories and autobiographies in different native languages. What then will our contemporaries in Ukraine get known?

And what should we do with this insight, knowledge, pain and pressure?

Iryna Starovoit – literature expert, poet, docent of the Lviv University and the Ukrainian Catholic University.

20:00

ART AREA ‘DK’

Chernyshevska St., 13

Documentary film «The Last Jew from Drohobych / Останній єврей із Дрогобича” 98′, 2012, Austria

Director – Paul Rozdi

Documentary Story of Alfred Shrayer, as he said, the only Jew who survived during the Nazi occupation of Drohobych. Shrayer was one of the students of the famous writer Bruno Schulz. During the occupation Shrayer passed through forced works and concentration camps and after the war returned to his native Drohobych. He became a famous musician and socio-cultural figure.

Comments by Iryna Starovoit

The film screening is supported by the Austrian Forum

11.10

Tuesday

18:30

“Studio 42”

Konstytutsii Sq 1, entrance 7, floor 1

Natalia Khobzey

Lecture “The Words of the Galician Worlds: about Our and Borrowed, Ancient and Modern…”

Characteristic features of the Galician language space have ancient deep roots. Although Galicia belonged to the Habsburg Empire, but the local Ukrainian-Rusyns on different occasions tried to be co-authors of literary language and used it in many areas of activity: life, literary work, education, scientific studies, developing their approaches to the creation of the language system in general. The lecture will focus on the lexical features of Galician spech, the dialect vocabulary and its origins, as well as speach of cities – Lviv residents’ lexicon of “old date” and modern.

Natalia Khobzey – linquist, head of the department of Ukrainian Language of the Ivan Krypyakevych Institute of Ukrainian Studies of NAS of Ukraine. Among her many studies – “Hutsul Mythology”, co-authored “Lexicon of Lviv, seriously and jokingly” (Grand Prix of the “Publishers Forum” in 2009), “Hutsul worlds. Lexicon”

12.10

Wednesday

18:30

“Studio 42”

Kontytutsii Sq.,1, entrance 7, floor 1

Julia Bogdanova, Yevgen Gubkin

The lecture “Modernism of Lviv and Kharkiv: Between “bourgeois” functionalism and socialistic constructivism”

After World War I and the collapse of the great empires, Lviv was a part of the Polish state, and Kharkiv – of the Soviet Union. These two cities were moving steadily in the twentieth century, getting features that were suggested and dictated by new time and circumstances. Polish state and the Soviet Ukraine created different political models. How did it affect the new forms and ways of expression in architecture? What main tasks  were set for architects by authorities and what place did the people take there? What is the avant-garde architecture in Lviv and Kharkiv? What is the differecet between functionalism and constructivism? How did the inter-war architecture influenced the aesthetic and practice in the USSR? These and other questions will be regarded by the researchers from Lviv and Kharkiv in the form of discussion.

Yulia Bogdanova – historian of architecture, Lviv Polytechnic lecturer, co-author of books “The architecture of Lviv. Time and the styles of  XIII – XXI century”, “Secession in Lviv”

Yevgenia Gubkina – architect, curator, researcher at the Center for Urban History, the author of the architectural guidebook of Slavutych

13.10

Thursday

18:30

“Studio 42”

Konstytutsii Sq 1, entrance 7, floor 1

Iryna Sklokina

Lecture “Creating “Soviet West”: Post-war sovietization of Western Ukraine and cultural cadres from the East”

The process of Sovietization of the western regions, attached to the USSR in the Second World War, was controversial and held simultaneously Ukrainization and the fight against “bourgeois nationalism”, the restoration of some monuments and destruction of others, repressions of the local cultural elite and their career advancement and education. What role was played in this process by the “Easterners” – Ukrainians, Russians, Jews – like the pre-war inhabitants of the USSR, and representatives of other “fraternal republics”? How did they look at western Ukraine and how they were influence by the things they saw? How did the project of Ukrainian Soviet nation change under the influence of Stalin’s “reunion”? And what did eventually the “Soviet West” become in the Ukrainian body – bacillus of the resistance to the regime, a symbolic alternative to “scoop” or another accomplishment of the soviet modernization and ethnic unification?

Iryna Sklokina – historian, researcher of the Center for Urban History, examines the politics of memory and cultural heritage in post-war USSR

14.10

Friday

18:00

ART AREA ‘DK’

Chernyshevska St., 13

Bogdan Shumylovych

Lecture “Between the Soviet city and the Galician village, the Lviv Rock of 1980-s and its hybrid vision of Galicia”

Rock culture in Soviet Lviv emerged in the late 1960s and had different forms, from almost official “ansambles” to the alternative hippie bands. This environment was largely transnational, but its creators were united by Lviv, Galicia and love of music. Also the common feature of various authors and groups was their unability to create interesting, original and at the same time alternative (ie non-Soviet) Ukrainian-product. After the announcement of perestroika in the mid-1980s, rock music is no longer a taboo art and a rock club was established in the city. The band that was able to decolonize popular Ukrainian music from the snare of ethnographic, rural aesthetics and the stamps of Russian-speaking rock, was formed in this club. That was an urban culture that could mock its own rural “alter ego” and this culture had the power to change not only Galicia but also Ukraine.

Bogdan Shumylovych – historian, head of the “Municipal Media Archives’ Center for Urban History, researcher of popular culture of late socialism

19:30

ART AREA ‘DK’

Chernyshevska St., 13

Common with cinema program

Music documentary essay “Good Day of Lviv?”, 20′, 1969

Studio “Ukrkinohronika” (Kyiv), in order of Lviv Regional Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine, 1969

Director – Volodymyr Shevchenko,

Music – Mykhailo Manulyak

Lyrics – Roman Lubkivskyi

Comments by Bogdan Shumylovych

17.10

Monday

18:30

“Studio 42”

Kontytutsii Sq.,1, entrance 7, floor 1

Eleonora Narvselius

Lecture “Memory aroma with a taste of nostalgia: modern themed restaurants and Galicia branding”

Is it possible to create an image of the Ukrainian cultural heritage and Ukrainian past, which would be both attractive and morally acceptable to the general public both in Ukraine and abroad? In Galicia, branding of Ukrainian cultural patrimony as a whole was very successful, though not without problems. The cultural uniqueness of this “the most Ukrainian and the least Soviet” region is largely served as a combination of Ukrainian identity, Europeanness and typically local colouring, and this imposes the myth of Galicia. The lecturer will reflect on one of the local initiatives – themed restaurants. The listeners will be offered a story about the commercial use of the collective memory, about certain groups of the population of Galicia – including Poles, Jews and Austrians – in opposition to the monoculture perceptions of the past of their land.

Eleonora Narvselius – ethnologist of the University of Lund (Sweden). Explores the cultural heritage and commercialization of history, collective memories in Central and Eastern Europe.

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